Emotional Intelligence & Emotional Well Being

– Posted in: Emotional Intelligence, Positive Psychology

It’s not what happens to you, but how you react to it that matters
Epictetus

 

Ancient wisdom taught us that it is not the circumstances or events in our life that matter, but the meaning we give to them and how we decide to respond to them. Epictetus was a Greek philosopher who lived over 2000 years ago. He taught that it is important to identify what are the things we can control and those what we can’t.  We don’t control genetics, the economy, politics, other people, death… The only thing that matters is what we can control, and it is the CHOICES we make.  Many people keep chasing things that are out of their control thinking that they will make them happy. But the reality is that we suffer when we try to control things that are outside of our control.

Unfortunately, we tend to forget this as we succumb to the whirlwind of our mind’s activity, automatically generating thousands of thoughts a second. This frenetic pace leads us to interpret our circumstances in variously biased ways and mistake our imagination for reality.

Emotional Intelligence (EI) is a modern and scientific framework that reminds us of these fundamental themes and wisdom. EI is defined a set of emotional and social skills that influence the way we perceive and express ourselves, develop and maintain social relationships, cope with challenges, and use emotional information in an effective and meaningful way. EI can also be used as a practical tool that can help us increase our well-being by getting more deliberate about our behavior and the choices we make.

The EQ-i model of EI is supported by research started 30+ years ago and asked “Why do some people have better psychological well-being than others?” Since then many studies investigated the links between EI and well-being, and concluded that EI is a beneficial predictor of emotional and psychological health and well-being.

What is the connection between EI and Well-Being?

As a part of the EQ-i 2.0. model for EI, we have Well-Being as a separate indicator of emotional health and well-being. It contributes to, and is a product of, emotional intelligence. If you take the EQ-i 2.0.  assessment, you’ll get a score on each EI competency and a score on your level of Well-Being. Although it is related to all the competencies of EI, four of them are more important than the others. Improving the level of any of these four competencies results in an improved level of Well-Being.  These four competencies are:

  • Self-Regard
  • Self-Actualization
  • Optimism
  • Interpersonal Relationships

Self-Regard and Self Actualization are a part of the Self-Perceptions competencies.  They are about our internal world. These are some of the least visible but most foundational EI competencies and determine our mindset, attitudes and behavior. They determine the choices we make often automatically, in how we respond to situations. Self-Regard is about accepting oneself with our strengths and our weaknesses. Not being overly self-critical nor having an over-inflated ego. Just the right balance that helps us understand what we’re good at and what are the shortcomings we need to manage or complement.

Optimism is a part of our Stress Management competencies. It is about focusing on the positive aspect of situations, which helps develop resilience and effective stress coping strategies. We know from Neuroscience that the brain has a mechanism that promotes behavior that it believes to be most likely to succeed. This explains why our beliefs have a powerful impact on the outcome of situations. As Henry Ford put it “ if you believe you can you’re right and if you believe you can’t you’re right too”.

Interpersonal Relationships are fundamental to our lives. Strong relationships are about both “giving” and “taking” and involve trust and compassion. Our skills and ability to develop deep and mutually satisfying relationships impact us profoundly and determine many key outcomes in our lives, both personally and professionally. Donald Clifton, creator of the StrengthFinder assessment said “relationships help us to define who we are and who we can become. Most of us can trace our successes to pivotal relationships”.

Your CHOICE… All these EI competencies can be developed and the best strategy is to take frequent but small steps. After practicing for a while on small things you’ll be able to tackle something bigger. So next time you get annoyed at something, pause and think. It is not that thing that is the problem, it is your response to it. Ask yourself “what is a more beneficial response that I could have”?  You have a window of opportunity, which is between what happens and your response. Take advantage of it. Your choice will profoundly impact your well-being.

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3 Comments… add one
Lucky Gorman February 9, 2018, 6:24 pm

Seems like the trickiest part is re-enforcing and not undervaluing the snall steps.

Bo Golovan February 10, 2018, 8:30 pm

Small but frequent steps are the key to developing emotional intelligence

Richard Rovnick February 9, 2018, 10:11 pm

Excellent piece for dealing with today’s political landscape.

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